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Pakistan Judiciary

  • The judiciary in Pakistan is an Pakistan Judiciary part of the country's legal system, responsible for interpreting and upholding the law. It plays a vital role in ensuring the rule of law, protecting individual rights, and maintaining the balance of power among the three branches of government.

    Structure of the Judiciary:

    The judicial system in Pakistan consists of several tiers, with the Supreme Court of Pakistan at the apex and lower courts at the district and provincial levels.

    1. Supreme Court of Pakistan: The Supreme Court is the highest judicial authority in Pakistan. It is divided into two main divisions: the Supreme Court of Pakistan and the Federal Shariat Court. The Supreme Court of Pakistan has the power of judicial review, which means it can review the constitutionality of laws and executive actions. It also acts as the final court of appeal in the country.

    2. High Courts: Each province in Pakistan has its own High Court. These High Courts have jurisdiction over matters within their respective provinces and serve as appellate courts for cases originating in lower courts. High Court judges are responsible for interpreting laws and ensuring justice within their provinces.

    3. District and Sessions Courts: At the district level, there are District and Sessions Courts. These courts handle both civil and criminal cases within their jurisdiction. Judges at this level are responsible for presiding over trials and delivering judgments.

    4. Magistrates' Courts: Below the District and Sessions Courts are Magistrates' Courts, which handle less serious criminal matters and civil cases of lower value.

    5. Specialized Courts: Pakistan also has specialized courts, such as Anti-Terrorism Courts, Family Courts, and Drug Courts, to deal with specific types of cases.

    Judicial Independence:

    The independence of the judiciary is crucial for the proper functioning of the legal system. In Pakistan, judges are appointed based on their legal qualifications and experience, and their tenure is protected to ensure they can make decisions without fear of political interference.


    The Pakistani judiciary, like many other institutions, faces challenges such as a backlog of cases, issues with the enforcement of court orders, and occasional allegations of corruption. Efforts are ongoing to address these challenges and strengthen the rule of law in the country.


    The judiciary in Pakistan is a critical pillar of the country's legal system. It is responsible for interpreting the law, ensuring justice, and upholding the constitution. Efforts to enhance its effectiveness and independence continue to be a focus in Pakistan's legal and political landscape.